These days, the ability to play video, run training scripts and collect student responses does not need an uber-pc. If we are honest there is probably performance enough in your phone. But the display size and supervisory management of a phone make it impractical for use as a teaching or training aid. Now there is a triple screen portable (not a laptop, but not *that much bigger*), with enough performance to be a great training computer. It’s made for Portexa by ACME portable and utilizes a version of the three screen folding mechanism found on their higher-end military computers.
If you need more power – like a Xeon and 8 Ethernet ports as standard, try the NotePAC-III
Three 17″ HD screens. “Bifold Command and Control Display – Computer version”
Compact and lightweight, the BCCD-C can transform into an immersive training experience.
Rubber corner protectors
I/O for the computer ports are on the left-hand side as you face the display.
Designed to be a pleasure to use, while still being robust and reliable, the BCCD-C (Bi-Fold Command and Control Display)-Computer is a medium power, high utility computer system.
Functionally similar to many desktop PC’s the BCCD-C provides three HD widescreen displays in a compact package. It is perfect for general use or a training system which requires compact dimensions and a robust package.
The video above shows the display only version of the BCCD. The computer version is the same size but has computer i/o where the video inputs are on the side of the unit.
Deployable workstation now available with 1000 Nit display panels
The MilPAC-III has been continuously deployed by the US military since 2015. Continuous refinements to the design have been incorporated to increase performance and extend reliability. A new display backlight option is now available.
“1000 Nits is pretty readable outdoors – but you still want to avoid direct sunlight”
A very bright display can still be difficult to read outdoors because it is very difficult to compete with the Sun! To improve usability, the MilPAC-III sunlight readable displays may be adjusted to a host of different opening positions, and the tilt of the whole unit changed using the robust foot.
The power supply (PSU) is replaceable without tools. Tested to Mil-std 461
Display mirroring through HDMI
Bright and uniform
The new displays’ contrast ratio exceeds 400:1 while providing deep blacks and extremely bright and readable detail. The 1000 cd/m^2 displays were tested for maximum brightness using a Topcon BM-9 luminance meter. Measured maximum white luminance was 1053 nits.
MilPAC-III is in continuous use in-theatre. The video feed from drones is fed to the CIC for analysis.
Compressed video may then be sent to command for subsequent evaluation.
Video feeds can be mirrored through HDMI ports on top of the unit to allow the operator to share engagement data with the commanding officer.
Deployable & reliable
The MilPAC can be configured with extra I/O ports, including, but not limited to, multiple Gigabit Ethernet or fiber ports.
Five removable drives as standard including three 3.5″ HDD’s.
“MegaPAC-L3 – the most powerful portable workstation on the planet!”
BUILT WITH BOLDGRID
Ultimate portable workstation
Dual Intel Xeon Platinum processors
Three 24″ 4K or HD displays
SUPER SWEET HEADING
MegaPAC-L3 – The most powerful portable workstation
The MegaPAC-L3 is the latest iteration of the hugely successful MegaPAC family. Available now with three 24″ displays* in either HD or 4K resolution, the MegaPAC supports EATX motherboards with the latest Intel processors. Available with Dual RTX2080Ti’s and Dual Intel Xeon Platinum processors, the MegaPAC is the most powerful portable on the planet.
With support for 1TB of DDR4 RAM and 150TB of SSD storage, the MegaPAC-L3 is up to almost any task.
The MegaPAC series has a full-sized 105-key keyboard with integrated touch-pad. The keyboard is available in a variety of languages.
Weight 53lb (for a typical configuration)
Power: 850W 100/240VAC, 50/60HZ auto-switching 80 PLUS GOLD rated power supply.
Display options – Triple 23.8″:
UHD 3840 X 2160,
FULL HD 1920 X 1080,
WUXGA 1920 X 1200
Up to seven PCIe expansion slots.
*There are four versions of the MegaPAC chassis offering single screen, dual screen over and under, dual screen side-by-side, and triple screen configurations. All are offered with a choice of i5, i7, i9, and Xeon processors.
Single Intel Xeon E5-1660-V4 or Dual E5-2687W-V3 / side
8 Cores, 3.1GHz base freq / 10 Cores 3.0GHz / side
Up to 512GB RAM / side.
Fiber connection to BAE Data Diode
2U Chassis, 18″ deep
The Portexa DDDS is a 2U rack-mountable dual server with space for a BAE data diode. It has been recently updated to perform effortlessly with Gigabit connections. Two completely independent computer systems flank the data diode and ensure efficient, high speed data throughput between networks of dissimilar security clearance. Such is the independence of the computing components that the system even needs three power cords!
The Portexa DDDS is designed to perform in tactical and deployed applications – especially where space is at a premium.
Data diodes are most commonly found in high security environments such as defense, where they serve as connections between two or more networks of differing security classifications. This technology can now be found both in the military and at the industrial control world for such facilities as nuclear power plants, and electric power generation.
Network speeds are inevitably getting faster, and the latency and throughput of the servers becomes a bottleneck to performance. Portexa recently revised the DDDS to include two dual-Xeon processors per side. Up to 20 cores a side at >3GHz base frequency.
BAE data diodes are listed on the Unified Cross Domain Services Management Office (UCDSMO) baseline, and backed by a Common Criteria EAL7+ security certification. When combined with a Portexa DDDS, the Data Diode Solution offers unparalleled assurance, while delivering superior unidirectional throughput.
Connections to the networks are via Gigabit Ethernet connections, while the data that goes to the data diode travels through fiber. All the connectivity is visible from the front panel, and a nice friendly arrow indicates the direction that the information may flow.
Access to the front panel USB connections is restricted by a hasp for a padlock. Of course if a determined hacker has physical access to your hardware, it’s game over, but at least it prevents opportunistic attack vectors using thumb drives.
DDDS – Quad Xeon 2U-rack-mount
A data diode is a controlled interface which strictly enforces a unidirectional flow of data at the physical level.
“Connects between networks of different security classifications.”
Theory of operation and use cases
Controlled interface which strictly enforces a unidirectional data flow at the physical level.
The BAE Data Diode functions in conjunction with Data Pump Applications and content filtering software. Typically sitting between two servers attached to their respective security domains, the Data Diode physically supports unidirectional file-based transfers, video-streaming, and email.
Data Pump Application
Data Forwarding Application (DFA)
• Streams UDP, TCP and multicast data
• Can receive data from various sources on multiple ports
File Transfer Application
Enables unidirectional transfer of bulk files with deep content inspection
• Transfer Mode
º All files are moved to the high-side destination and immediately deleted from the low-side
• Archive Mode
º Files are moved to the high-side destination, archived in a configured folder on the low-side, and deleted from the low-side source folder
• Mirror Mode
º Regardless of low-side source folder activity, files are copied to the high-side as is, according to a configured time period
• Replicate Mode
º Any changes detected in the low-side source folder are replicated into the high-side destination folder while retaining the files on the low-side
Reav view showing independent power supplies.
For details on the Data Diode itself, please contact:
The RMSDU-1U-23 is the largest rack-mount available for a 1U rack-space. It comes with a ton of functions integrated into a very small device. Operationally it was specifically designed to minimize the space required in front of the rack.
23” LCD 1920×1080 resolution with:
Built-in 1080p webcam up/down adjustable
Microphone 3.5mm pass through to I/O panel
Audio 3.5mm pass through to I/O Panel
2x built-in CAC readers
Ambidextrous Mouse shelf
I/O Panel with:
Keyboard dedicated USB 2.0 port
Mouse dedicated USB 2.0 port
Webcam dedicated USB 2.0 port
Microphone 3.5mm pass through to monitor
Audio 3.5mm pass through to monitor
The ambidextrous mouse shelf allows the use of a real mouse, with a dedicated USB pass-through. In fact, all of the interfaces are designed to connect directly to a USB port on the host computer. This eliminates any start-up issues caused by the use of USB hubs. The integrated webcam is also an unusual feature in industrial grade displays. The RMDSU-1U-23 integrates one that has a tilt mechanism and full HD performance along with a high-quality built-in microphone.
If you need a 1U rack-mount display and would like the largest monitor possible, consider the RMSDU-1U-23.
RMSDU-1U-23 – 1U Rack Mount Display
If you need more display space and have 2U spare, see the RMDDU-23
The brief? Make the most powerful portable computer on the planet. Oh – and all the drives must be removable. Must be capable of copying a high speed network in real time. Can you make it so it fits in between 19″ rack rails?
Best in the Industry
There has never been a portable server like the NetPAC-RHD-16. Dual Xeon processors. 1TB RAM. 120TB+ of removable, high speed, high reliability SSD drives. Separate removable system drive.
Robust aluminum construction and attention to detail ensure that the NetPAC-RHD16 just works when you get to the work-site. Micron 5200 series SSDs are robust and reliable.
Configured for your application
Maybe you don’t need the most powerful portable computer ever built? We can build the NetPAC-RHD16 with significantly less costly components, tailored to meet your real-world requirements.
Seize the moment
Right now, you can get a quote for the NetPAC-RHD16. Click here->
Intel Xeon and i7/i9 chips compared – accurate(ish) as of June 2018
Intel makes processors form mobile to supercomputer.
“Many computer users would be amazed at the diversity of processor offerings from Intel.”
Intel i7, i9, and Xeon
For those looking for a higher cache limit, or more RAM supported by their processors, the Xeon, for the most part, will out-perform the i5/i7 models. The Xeon processor line allows for a higher amount of RAM to be installed and configured for use. i7/i9 are restricted to 64GB, whereas some Xeon models can address 3TB. Add in the standard hyper-threading and overall higher amount of cores in most models and the Xeon really makes its case for high workload situations. Another application that the Xeon chips excel at it running multiple virtual machines (VM’s). An i5 quad core might be limited to four VM’s while an E5-2699A-V4 could run 44 of them.
Portable computers with Xeon processors are available for military and aerospace applications from Portexa , and for commercial applications, from ACME portable.
When comparing the i5, i7, and Xeon there are a few key aspects that you need to be aware of. Each of these processors has pro’s and con’s depending on the applications they will be used in, your budget, etc.
A key difference between i5/i7 models and Xeon models is the availability of onboard graphics. Most i5/i7 models come with graphics controllers that can handle most basic gaming as well as basic video editing. This can be useful if you do not own a stand-alone Graphics card though for higher-end gaming and editing applications a graphics card is still needed. Xeon processors will need a separate Graphics card for High-end 3D gaming/video applications.
In the consumer world, one of the main differences between the i5/i7 models and Xeon processors are that i5/i7 models are generally easier to overclock. While some of the newer Xeon models can be overclocked for the most part they cannot. This can help you squeeze more power for the money out of a lot of i5/i7 models which makes a lot of sense if you are building your computer on a budget. For single threaded applications, this offers some of the best GHz per dollar metrics that you can find.
Update: i9-9900K has been released. It’s an odd naming convention as it does not have the extra PCIe lanes or memory addressing capability of the other i9’s. It’s really an 8 core i7. The headline feature is a Turbo boost on up to two cores only to 5GHz.
PCI Express, PCIe or Peripheral Component Interconnect Express, can be a somewhat complicated computer specification. When your computer first boots, PCIe is what determines the devices that are attached or plugged in to the motherboard. It identifies the links between each device, creating a traffic map and negotiates the width of each link. This identification of devices and connections uses the same protocol as PCI, so no changes were required when changing from PCI to PCIe in either software or operating systems.
A PCIe connection consists of one or more (up to sixteen, at the moment) data-transmission lanes, connected serially. Each lane consists of two pairs of wires, one for transmitting and one for receiving. There are 1, 4, 8 or 16 lanes in a single PCIe slot – denoted as x1, x4, x8, or x16. This is the difference between PCI connections which are parallel (32-bit or 64-bit bidirectional parallel bus) and PCIe which is basically a serial version of PCI.
PCIe is a multi-layered protocol – the layers being a transaction layer, a data link layer, and a physical layer. The Data-link layer is sub-divided to include a media access control (MAC) layer. Each lane consists of two unidirectional differential pairsoperating at 2.5, 5, 8 or 16 Gbit/s, depending on the negotiated capabilities. While on the other hand, transmit and receive are separate differential pairs, adding up to a total of four data wires per lane.
Each lane is an independent connection between the PCI controller of the processor chip-set (Southbridge) or the processor itself (which is almost always the graphics card slot) and the expansion card. Bandwidth scales linearly, so a four-lane connection will have twice the bandwidth of a two-lane connection. Depending on the expansion card’s bandwidth requirements, the slot may need to be sized accordingly.
A physical PCIe x16 slot can accommodate a x1, x4, x8, or x16 card, and can run a x16 card at x16, x8, x4, or x1. A PCIe x8 slot can accommodate a x1 or x4 or x8 card but cannot fit a x16 card. Just to confuse the matter further, there are different versions of PCIe interface. It’s also possible that a motherboard may have multiple slot sizes and also different PCIe versions: 1.0a, 1.1, 2.0, 2.1, 3.0, 3.1, 4.0 and coming soon 5.0. (Link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCI_Express#PCI_Express_5.0)
BUS & Theoretical Bandwidth Available
PCIe 1.0 / x4
PCIe 1.0 / x8
PCIe 1.0 / x16
PCIe 2.0 / x4
PCIe 2.0 / x8
PCIe 2.0 / x16
PCIe 3.0 / x1
PCIe 3.0 / x4
PCIe 3.0 / x8
PCIe 3.0 / x16
PCIe 4.0 / x1
PCIe 4.0 / x4
PCIe 4.0 / x8
PCIe 4.0 / x16
PCIe 5.0 / x16
IDE (ATA 100)
IDE (ATA 133)
Why do PCIe Lanes matter?
Functions your CPU’s PCIe Lanes Control:
PCIe 3.0 x16 Slot (usually for video card)
2/U.2 (on some Enthusiast Boards)
LAN (on some Enthusiast Boards)
Other functions use your CHIPSET’s PCIe bus lanes. Functions CHIPSET’s PCIe Lanes control may control:
SATA hard drives
Onboard Network Controller/LAN
All PCIe slots except the first one
Quoted amounts of PCIe bandwidth required by individual components:
8-16 Lanes – x16 PCIe Video Cards (Each)
8-16 Lanes – Other Specialized PCIe Cards
4 Lanes – M.2 Drive
4 Lanes – Thunderbolt (uses 4 lanes PCIe 3.0)
4 Lanes – Hardware Based RAID Controllers
2 Lanes (Each) – SSD Drives
2 Lanes – USB 3.1 (Gen. 2)
1 Lane – USB 3.0 (USB 3.1 Gen. 1)
1 Lane – Sound
1 Lane – Network Controllers
Which chips have the most PCIe lanes?
Different chips support different numbers of PCIe lanes. For example: Intel Core i5 or i7-8700K or i9-8950HK have up to 1×16, 2×8, 1×8+2×4 with a maximum of 16 PCIe lanes. In addition, the 6850K and up i7’s have 40 lanes. The Intel Xeon E5-4669 v4 has a maximum of 40 PCIe lanes at PCIe 3.0, whereas the E7-8894 v4 has ‘only’ 32 lanes (per processor). AMD has upped the ante with their EPYC CPU’s – they have 128 PCIe lanes 3.0.
In the tech industry today, what makes this really complicated is that motherboard manufacturers have to make their motherboards support a range of processors which may have different numbers of PCIe lanes supported. So a motherboard using an i7-6850K chip may have the capability to address multiple slots at x16, whereas with a ‘lesser’ chip ie. i7-8700K may be fewer lanes available, with only one slot being x16. Just to complicate things further, NVME and other types of expansions require PCIe lanes. With NVME being a must-have feature for a modern motherboard, there are now even fewer lanes available to the expansion slots.
Working out how to get the most out of a motherboard in terms of application performance becomes even harder when you need to choose how to connect to the real world. PCIe lane allocation can make or break the performance of high-speed boards like RAID controllers when they are operating near-maximum capacity (which is now possible due to fast SSD storage).
While there are some non-PCIe interface options being explored by computer manufacturers, they would also require major hardware changes. All in all, PCIe looks to remain crucial for a while longer, even while the form factor of the connection continues to evolve.
Adam Savage’s Tested.com did a nice explanation of PCIe speeds and comparison with Thunderbolt.
Anandtech did a nice writeup of the Z170 chipset and the trade-offs that board manufacturers have to make when selecting how to configure the PCH
There are still portable computers with expansion slots available.They are a niche product for users that need to connect to systems in the real world.
Light-weight laptops with USB-C have a reasonable amount of processing power, and lots of bandwidth in the USB-C ports…but they are significantly more difficult to configure as test and measurement equipment than a rugged portable with PCIe expansion slots.(Legacy configurations supporting older buses like PCI are still available as special configurations).
Modern multi-slot portable computers typically have one or more flat panels, from 15″ up to triple 24″ display systems.Processors range from Intel i5 to Dual Xeon server systems, and the storage is provided by anything from a single M2 card up to a 16 drive RAID array.SSD’s are the norm now, but there are still high capacity HDD’s which have their uses when absolute storage size is more important than ruggedness.HDD’s are also still cheaper per Terra-byte. A single SSD is now readily available with 7.6TB per drive.
– Triple screen 24″ portable
Motherboard sizes for portable computers with expansion slots
ATX – 12 × 9.6 in (305 × 244 mm)
The heart of a rugged portable “lunchbox”-style PC is the motherboard. Systems are available that support ATX, micro-ATX, e-ATX, and mini-ATX.
According to requirements, ATX, Micro-ITX, Mini-ATX, ATX, and EATX boards can be supported.Alternatively, a passive backplane can be used with a plug-in computer card (PIC).PIC cards are designed for industrial use and have extended temperature ranges.They can be used to make massively expandable systems with lots of slots or used to create small form factor systems that support just enough expansion. Portable computers with expansion slots are generally only sold fully configured – you can’t just buy the case. It’s simple economics; the manufacturer can’t make a living with the limited quantity sold. Different motherboards will have support for different processors, supporting multiple slot type and numbers of PCIe lanes.
MicroATX – 9.6 × 9.6 in (244 × 244 mm)
MiniITX – 6.7 × 6.7 in – (170 × 170 mm)
EATX – 12 × 13 in – (305 × 330 mm)
Cooling is an important requirement for high-performance computing. Overclockers looking to extract maximum performance from a chip will go to extraordinary lengths to cool the processor using liquid nitrogen or massive external refrigeration units. In a rugged portable, it’s usually just a case of optimizing air-flow and making sure the hot components aren’t blocked. Tidy cable management helps smooth the airflow which helps cooling and the audio profile. All of the work that was done on keeping Hard Drives cool is not wasted as it applies nearly as much to SSDs. SSDs generate a significant amount of heat when used – especially when writing.
Military applications almost always require removable hard drives for both data and the operating system.These can be individual drives or removable caddies that reduce the risks of mixing up the drives in a RAID array – which can be a costly time sink to fix, if not worse.
Expansion cards range from top of the line graphics cards to multi-I/O serial cards.Connections via 1553, 1394B (as used on the Lockheed Martin F-35), CAN bus, Infiniband, HyperSCSI, NAS, SAN, and many others are possible with adaptors from multiple manufacturers.
Examples of interface cards often used:
Abaco systems 1553
Abaco Systems RPCIE-1553 is the latest generation of performance and flexibility for MIL-STD-1553 A/B Notice II on a native PCI Express module. Available in -40°C to +70°C temperature with one, two or four dual-redundant channels, the RPCIE-1553 includes advanced API (Application Programming Interface) software that reduces application development time.
DAP Technology Firespy cards 1394 (PCI)
The FireSpy850, FireSpy450b, and FireSpy450bT bus analyzers complete the second generation of 1394 analyzers offered by DapTechnology. Based on the industry-leading FireSpy800, the all new and enhanced architecture of the FireSpy810, as well as the form factor advantages introduced with the FireSpy3850, make these PCI form factor analyzer cards the most compelling package for card-based 1394 analysis solutions found in the industry.
Dap also makes similar cards in PMC format – these then need an adaptor card like this:
2-Port CAN-Bus PCI-E card with Isolation Protection
High-speed transmission up to 1 Mbps
Operates two separate CAN networks at the same time
Optical isolation protection of 2,500 VDC ensures system reliability
16 MHz CAN controller frequency
ConnectX® – Single/Dual-Port InfiniBand Adapter Cards with PCI Express 2.0
ConnectX delivers low-latency and high-bandwidth for performance-driven server and storage clustering applications. These applications will benefit from the reliable transport connections and advanced multicast support offered by ConnectX. No CPU intervention is required when Network protocol processing and data movement overhead (such as InfiniBand RDMA and Send/Receive semantics) are completed in the adapter. Servers supporting PCI Express 2.0 with 5GT/s will be able to take advantage of 40Gb/s InfiniBand, balancing the I/O requirement of these high-end servers.
QNAP – QM2
QM2 series PCIe cards add support for M.2 SSDs and 10GbE RJ45 connectivity to a QNAP NAS. Combining M.2 SSD and 10GbE connectivity into one solution, the QM2 helps improve overall NAS performance while providing an affordable upgrade path for adopting 10GbE networks.
SAN – Sonnet
Sonnet’s Presto™ 10GbE 10GBASE-T PCIe 3.0 card is a powerfully simple and cost-effective way to add dual-port copper 10GbE connectivity to your Mac Pro® tower or Windows® PC, or Linux® server.
The CaptureXG 1000 card comes standard with essential features, such as accurate time synchronization and stamping (IRIG-A, B, and G), programmable 5-tuple filters, PCAP Next Generation file format, and a highly efficient PCI Express Gen 3 host interface. The CaptureXG 1000 card is fully integrated with the popular Wireshark network protocol analyzer, so it provides a powerful tool for IT managers to easily leverage their teams’ existing expertise, which increases efficiency in diagnosing network issues.
For a selection of portable computers with expansion slots that are designed to support PCIe cards – please visit Portexa.com
“The most powerful portable computer on the planet!”
3 x 24″ 4K or 2K displays
Touch screen option
Biggest Screen Portable – 3 x 24″
There is no getting away from the fact that this is a big portable. It’s the biggest screen portable! It’s also the most powerful portable on the planet. Three 24″ 2K or 4K displays and a full-sized motherboard which allows for up to dual Xeon processors.
Touch screen displays which are available in 2K and ultra-high resolution 4K displays.
Extended ATX motherboards mean the choice of Intel i7 or Dual Xeon processors. There is plenty of space for the largest and most powerful graphics cards – for CUDA use or to drive the three 4K displays.
A wheeled transit case is supplied as standard, and fully deployable shipping cases are also available. Tilting feet improve the ergonomics of operation for the use, and a full sized keyboard makes this a comfortable transportable workstation.
High performance cooling
Up to dual Xeon processors using forced air cooling and thermostatically controlled fan systems.
Full size keyboard
The detachable keyboard attaches to the front of the system when the displays are closed for transit.
Multiple slots with an EATX motherboard allow for highly flexible configurations.